Shortswords are weapons which can be used for stabbing like a dagger, but they are about 2 feet, a bit slower and inflict more damage. To wield this weapon, any character must have a strength of at least 5. This weapon can't be used by clerics and druids due to their ethos, they aren't allowed to wield these weapons and mages and sorcerers don't have sufficient training in melee combat.
The short sword is the first type of sword to come into existence. In the simplest of terms, a short sword can be considered a dagger with a blade so long that it can no longer be called a dagger. The term short sword does not exist in sword classifications. However, it has come to be used to describe a double-edged blade about two feet in length. The sword tip is usually pointed, ideal for thrusting.